Kind regards,Tony Squire Dear Editor:Recently a large group of volunteers went door to door distributing flyers informing residents about benefits of Union City’s Rent Control Board. With colder temperatures on the way, it’s important that residents in rent controlled units remember that the temperature should be maintained at 70 degrees. This was pointed out in the flyer. It’s important to remember that if you rely on your oven or gas jets to heat your apartment when it gets cold this could pose a danger to those in your household. I thank our great mayor, Brian Stack, and his fellow Commissioners making sure these flyers go out to the public on a regular cycle. I urge residents in rent controlled units to call the bilingual Rent Control office for any matter highlighted in the flyer or if they should have a question pertaining to their rent or need a tenant advocate or want fill out a complaint form or want to confirm they are covered under the city’s current rent control ordinance.
Martha Minow, a legal scholar and the dean of Harvard Law School (HLS), offered some advice to authors: “Write out of anger. It keeps you going.”She felt ire and dismay over commentary during the 50th anniversary discussions of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, the unanimous 1954 Supreme Court decision that declared de jure segregation of public schools unconstitutional. Disproportionately, said Minow, that commentary called the decision a failure. So she set out to write a book that acknowledged its limitations but celebrated its achievements. The result was “In Brown’s Wake: Legacies of America’s Educational Landmark” (Oxford University Press).The book, published this year, was the cornerstone of an afternoon-long discussion on Saturday (Dec. 4) by two panels sponsored by the Mahindra Humanities Center at Harvard. (The center has set out to accelerate dialogue between law and the humanities, in an “emerging discourse and collegiality,” said Director Homi Bhabha, Harvard’s Anne F. Rothenberg Professor of the Humanities.)He introduced Minow, whose work on mass conflict and genocide, as well as on the legal underpinnings of integration, always takes into account “the other person just beyond the fold.” Bhabha praised her life’s aspiration, “an ideal of civil society” that nonetheless remains “a complex work in progress.”The Brown case itself is a metaphor of that “complex progress,” which Minow acknowledged. Are schools now more racially segregated today than in 1954? Yes, she said, but the legacy of Brown remains “worthy of comment and correction.”For one thing, the decision affirmed a cultural commitment to tolerance and equal opportunity, opening the door to later legislation that eased educational access for girls, for students with disabilities, and for students from other cultures struggling to learn English. “I wanted to give Brown its due” especially on the issue of race, said Minow. “Before Brown, we lived in a country that had an apartheid.”That American apartheid was so deep before Brown, she said, that even the summertime storage of textbooks was separate on racial grounds.Today, the landmark decision leaves a few basic questions in its wake, said Minow: Why did school integration fail? Is integration necessary for equality? What is the “social meaning” of membership? And if you care about integration, what are the means to do something about the issue?Despite the importance of Brown, said Minow, it is unlikely that courts alone can “produce social change around something as fundamental as how people view one another.” The law is “more like a fence than a spur for interchange,” she said, making a bridge between law and the humanities all the more critical.“Don’t let lawyers lead the revolution,” said Lani Guinier, the Bennett Boskey Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, lamenting that law schools train more “technicians” than storytellers. “I don’t think the precedent [for equality] is going to be a legal precedent.”Any discussion of equality has to include the issues of “economics and power,” she said, since in America, race is used to mask the inequalities of class. In the end, Brown — careful and sedate — is “an unfortunate example of lawyering,” said Guinier.Randall Kennedy, the Michael R. Klein Professor of Law at HLS, said Brown, as actually written, has “all the moral grandeur of a bill of lading. He was quoting historian Richard Hofstadter, who said the same of Abraham Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation, another iconic document of racial freedom whose prose does not match the poetry of its vision.Minow is a reformer who wants to “reclaim integration as an aspiration,” said Kennedy. She sees Brown as a “banner for social inclusion” that flies overhead for the world to see, he explained. “But let’s be clear,” the historical decision “doesn’t match that vision.” It’s a “sacred text” that eliminated de jure segregation, he said, but failed to praise the ideal of integration even once.“How far can we expect to get by turning to Brown?” Kennedy asked. Not far. “We are going to have to look forward,” he said, “and create the precedents we want.”“Brown has been a great source of slogans,” said legal philosopher Ronald Dworkin. But now “it’s time to set those slogans aside … We not only need new slogans, we need new doctrines.” (Dworkin, who has joint appointments at New York University and University College London, delivered a Dec. 3 Mahindra Humanities Center lecture on the law and moral interpretation.)Yale University Law Professor Reva Siegel said Brown eliminated de jure segregation, and also inspired a generation of jurists to expand the decision into questions of de facto bias — seeming inequities in instruction, curriculum, school assignments, and access to sports.But the reforms inspired by Brown in the 1970s are “disintegrating,” she said. Judges are narrowing interpretations of disparate impact: the idea that a policy or law has a greater effect on one group or another. In “the last turn of the screw,” said Siegel, judges are imposing more limitations on what Congress can do about de facto bias, putting the ideals behind Brown “constitutionally in peril.”“Maybe history has revealed mistakes” in Brown, said Kennedy. “There are limits to coerciveness.”So what does Brown have to offer in the first decade of the 21st century? Perhaps its own iconic status.“Capitalize on that ‘sacred text’ in a way that makes it the best perfection of statecraft it can possibly be,” said Dworkin. “Let’s not throw Brown over. It’s a great gift.”Randall Kennedy, the Michael R. Klein Professor of Law at Harvard Law School, with a copy of Minow’s book “In Brown’s Wake: Legacies of America’s Educational Landmark.”
Tel Aviv, Israel – Governor Eric J. Holcomb joined leadership of Cybertech, one of the world’s largest cybersecurity conferences, in Tel Aviv, Israel, as they announced plans to host the inaugural Cybertech Midwest event in Indiana this fall.“We’re thrilled to host the first-ever Cybertech Midwest conference in our capital city,” Gov. Holcomb said. “Our trip to Israel demonstrated collaborative potential Indiana has with Israel on cybersecurity issues, and no one hosts major events better than Indianapolis. We look forward to showcasing Hoosier Hospitality to cybertech leaders from around the world.”Israel is a global leader in cybersecurity, accounting for approximately 10 percent of the world’s GDP related to cyber technology. Cybertech was started in Tel Aviv and it remains its largest summit, attracting more than 15,000 attendees in 2018. The conference has expanded globally, hosting events in Tokyo, Singapore, Panama and Rome, and will now hold its first summit in the Midwest, attracting international industry experts in cybersecurity to Indiana, sharing best practices in cyber technologies and innovations.In 2017, Gov. Holcomb signed an executive order establishing the Indiana Executive Council on Cybersecurity (IECC). Council and advisory members are focused on evaluating Indiana’s cyber risk profile, establishing a strategic framework of cybersecurity initiatives and leveraging the state’s assets to remain on the forefront of cybersecurity. One of the council’s priorities was to attract Cybertech and its global network of businesses, investors and experts to Indiana.“We are absolutely thrilled to bring the Cybertech to Indiana for our flagship U.S. event,” said Amir Rapaport, founder of Cybertech (pictured). “We see Indiana as the ideal location for our Cybertech event due to its vibrant cyber eco-system, with incredible involvement and passion from the state, industry, academia and local government when it comes to cybersecurity, protection and innovation.”Cybertech Midwest will kick off in 2018 with a one-day conference on Oct. 23 in Indianapolis, which is expected to attract more than 700 attendees with speakers and panels focused on global cyber strategies in sectors like logistics and transportation, utilities, defense, healthcare, financial services, business and local government. Cybertech Midwest will also follow up with a multi-day conference and exhibition in June 2019. More information about the conference is available online.As critical infrastructure and systems become digitally interconnected across the state, Indiana recognizes the need to advance strategic cybersecurity initiatives leveraging assets like its universities, research centers and business community. More than 30 Indiana universities and colleges offer cybersecurity courses, creating a talented employee pipeline. In addition, companies like Rolls-Royce, Raytheon, Cummins, Pondurance and Defcon Cyber have formed business units focused solely on cybersecurity.“Securing Indiana’s information technology infrastructure and industrial control systems is beyond the reach of any single entity,” said Bryan Langley, chair of the IECC and executive director of the Indiana Department of Homeland Security. “That is why the efforts of the council and partnerships is so imperative to address cybersecurity comprehensively and effectively in Indiana.”Today’s announcement comes on the heels of Gov. Holcomb’s economic development mission to Israel with the goal of strengthening global business ties and sharing best practices in emerging technologies and innovation. During the trip, the governor and delegation attended the Agritech Israel summit, met with a number of businesses, signed an MOU with the Israel Innovation Authority to advance 21st-century solutions, and met with Israeli government officials to discuss Indiana-Israel economic ties and share best practices.More information on the state’s relationship with Israel is available here.
Tinsman is currently a doctoral researcher in cybersecurity at the University of Oxford, according to Oxford’s website. A new three-member panel reviewed the evidence again in February 2017 and upheld Tinsman’s expulsion. The allegations came after Tinsman entered a law review competition in May 2014 and was accused of plagiarizing Gould student Irina Kirnosova’s “Bluebooking” exercise, which was meant to demonstrate the competition participant’s legal literacy, the opinion read. Tinsman appealed her expulsion to USC’s Student Behavior Appeals Panel in February 2015, claiming that her January diagnosis of bipolar disorder and psychosis warranted a re-examination of the decision. Tinsman submitted multiple documents to the panel, including letters from physicians and an MRI scan that showed a cyst pressing on her brain. The Los Angeles Superior Court upheld the expulsion of former Gould School of Law student Claudine Tinsman Monday after a trial court granted her a writ of administrative mandamus challenging the University’s 2014 decision. According to the court opinion, Tinsman allegedly hacked another student’s computer to plagiarize documents for a law competition. “USC takes academic integrity issues very seriously,” the statement read. Tinsman appealed for a third time, this time to the California State Appeals Court, which affirmed the panel’s decision to uphold her expulsion in its opinion filed Monday. The three-person panel disposed of Tinsman’s appeal. According to the opinion, while the panel did not dispute the evidence submitted, none of it indicated that Tinsman was suffering from a mental illness at the time the violations occurred. In a statement to the Daily Trojan, USC wrote that they were “pleased” with the Court of Appeal’s decision. In August 2014, Student Judicial Affairs and Community Standards alleged Tinsman violated 11 different Student Conduct Code sections. The allegations said Tinsman submitted material authored by another student as her own and said she attempted to benefit from the work of another student by falsifying documents. “I realized that I had committed a grave error,” Tinsman wrote in a letter submitted to the panel, according to the opinion. “But the voices told me it was too late, that I was worthless, and the only way to avoid imprisonment was to continue the cover-up.” In February 2016, Tinsman filed a petition for a writ of administrative mandamus, which would require the panel to review the new evidence for a second time. The petition was approved, and a court approved the writ in January 2017. The writ named USC, Vice President of Student Affairs Ainsley Carry and Student Judicial Affairs and Community Standards official Donna Turner as defendants. USC did not appeal the writ.